This pocket guide to modality approaches in counseling & psychotherapy is a one-stop-shop for trainees on introductory counseling courses. It describes 12 models of therapy, as well as introducing the origins of counseling and providing guidance and tips on practical issues like time-keeping, supervision, endings and boundaries. Each short approach-specific chapter has a consistent structure which allows easy comparison and cross-referencing between the modalities.
The chapters cover: Origins & background; Big names & big ideas; How the approach works & who it's for; Critical considerations; Identifying features; Reflection & summary; Learning ideas & suggested reading
This book is essential reading when choosing a professional counseling training in which to specialize, or if you just want an overview of other counseling modalities outside of your own.
Origins and Background
Behaviour Therapy emerged from behavioural psychology, a scientific reaction to other early schools of thought prevalent at the turn of the 20th century (please see Chapter 1 for information on Behaviourism). There isn't a clear line where behaviourism ends and Behaviour Therapy begins, since some common experimentation is the foundation of both.
John B. Watson (1878–1958), an American psychologist developed his research and work from the classical conditioning studies put forward by the Russian physiologist Ivan P. Pavlov (1849–1936), ultimately forming the basis of Behaviour Therapy. Watson led the behaviourists in rebellion against the other primary psychological perspectives, Gestalt, Structuralism and psychoanalysis. Such classical behaviourists considered human beings are ‘what they do’, postulating that only directly observable behaviour is the single ...