This pocket guide to modality approaches in counseling & psychotherapy is a one-stop-shop for trainees on introductory counseling courses. It describes 12 models of therapy, as well as introducing the origins of counseling and providing guidance and tips on practical issues like time-keeping, supervision, endings and boundaries. Each short approach-specific chapter has a consistent structure which allows easy comparison and cross-referencing between the modalities.

The chapters cover: Origins & background; Big names & big ideas; How the approach works & who it's for; Critical considerations; Identifying features; Reflection & summary; Learning ideas & suggested reading

This book is essential reading when choosing a professional counseling training in which to specialize, or if you just want an overview of other counseling modalities outside of your own.

Transactional Analysis (TA)

Transactional analysis (TA)

Origins and Background

Eric Berne (1910–1970) was an American psychiatrist who studied psychoanalysis under Paul Federn before further study with Eric Erikson. Berne extended Federn's Ego-State Model and gradually diverged from the mainstream of psychoanalytical thought. His work developed and Transactional Analysis (TA) was the result, introduced in the 1950s. He said verbal communication is at the centre of psychoanalysis and human social relationships.

Berne wanted a theory that could be easily understood and available to everyone, and the approach outlines how we develop into who we are, how we communicate and relate to others, offering ideas and interventions to enable change and growth.

His general aim was for TA to aid clients to free themselves from negativities founded in childhood so they ...

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