Richard Sennett (1978 ) understands clothing as an important means of indicating social standing, but notes that what is expressed has changed over time. In eighteenth-century London and Paris it was easy to tell social status from street clothes because these were very highly codified and deliberately indicated the public status of an individual, for example their occupation. The individual as expressive personality was confined between the walls of the home, while only social masks stalked the city streets. But industrialization and the rise of bourgeois culture brought with them the new individual, and so instead of clothing indicating the public character of the wearer it began to be interpreted as indicating the personal characteristics of its carrier. As a ...
Clothing and Fashion
Clothing and fashion