• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Stephen Kalberg’s The Social Thought of Max Weber, the newest volume of the SAGE Social Thinkers series, provides a concise introduction to the work, life, and influence of Max Weber, considered to be one of three most important founders (along with Marx and Durkheim) of sociology. The book serves as an excellent introduction to the full range of Weber’s major themes, and explores in detail the extent to which they are relevant today. It is ideal for use as a self-contained volume or in conjunction with other sociological theory textbooks.

The Sociology of Civilizations III: The Rationalism of India
The Sociology of Civilizations III: The Rationalism of India

This chapter parallels the above discussion of China: it reconstructs a civilization’s “particular ‘rationalism.’” Although both India and China are “civilizations of the East,” they diverge radically from one another. In combination with a close scrutiny of empirical patterns of social action and configurations of groups, Weber’s broad-ranging concepts and research strategies identify these differences in a precise manner. Here we articulate the contours and direction of Indian rationalism.

As discovered above, classical China remained dominated by arrays of groups that placed patrimonial princes and literati intellectuals in direct opposition to clans deeply permeated by Confucianism and magic. Hence, it remained highly resistant to change. The overwhelming centrality ...

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