The Shape of Sociology for the 21st Century: Tradition and Renewal
This critical volume explores the meaning of sociology and sociological knowledge in light of the recent growth and institutionalization of the discipline. A stellar group of international authors powerfully identify, question, and transform key assumptions in sociology. Leading us through the challenges faced by sociology, and the possible strategies for addressing them in the future, the book includes discussion of key issues such as: globalization; development; social policy; and inequality.
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 2: Recent Changes in Sociology
- Chapter 3: On Inter-Human Space: Toward a Third Sociology
- Chapter 4: From Modernity to Globality: The Route within Sociology
- Chapter 5: Integrating the Analysis of Complex Inequalities and Globalization into the Heart of Social Theory Using Complexity Theory
- Chapter 6: Beyond Three Constitutive Beliefs of Classical Sociology: Globalization, Postmodernity and Reflexivity
- Chapter 7: The Shape of Sociology: Looking at the History of Our Present
- Chapter 8: Dimensions of World Making: Thoughts from the Caspian Sea
- Chapter 9: Identity in the Global Age: Hegemony, Resistance and Social Transformation
- Chapter 10: Community as Social Metaphor: The Need for a Genealogy of Social Collectivities
- Chapter 11: Professions and Professionalism: Perspectives from the Sociology of Professional Groups
- Chapter 12: Sociology's Narratives of Global Change: History, Place and Formations of Knowledge in the Discipline's Past and Future
- Chapter 13: A Plea for a More Interpretive, More Empirical and More Historical Sociology
- Chapter 14: Post-Soviet Sociology as a Pattern of ‘Another Sociology’
- Chapter 15: Including Sociological Practice: A Global Perspective and the US Case
- Chapter 16: A Cultural Transformation: The Design of Alienation in the Guise of Creativity
- Chapter 17: ‘Bystander Sociology’ and the Sonderbehandlung of the Social
- Chapter 18: Precarious Disciplinary Intersections and Inconvenient Truths: Sociology in Search
- Chapter 19: Policy-Driven Research, Audit Culture and Power: Transforming Sociological Practices in the Philippines
Sage Studies in International Sociology[Page ii]
Series Editor (2000–2010)
Julia Evetts, Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Nottingham University, UK Series Editor (2010–ongoing)
Sujata Patel, Professor of Sociology at University of Hyderabad, India
Editorial material, arrangement and Chapter 1 © Devorah Kalekin-Fishman and Ann Denis 2012
Chapter 2 © Michel Wieviorka 2012
Chapter 3 © Piotr Sztompka 2012
Chapter 4 © Devorah Kalekin-Fishman 2012
Chapter 5 © Sylvia Walby 2012
Chapter 6 © Emilio Lamo de Espinosa 2012
Chapter 7 © Elisa Reis 2012
Chapter 8 © Dennis Smith 2012
Chapter 9 © Lauren Langman 2012
Chapter 10 © Michael Humphrey 2012
Chapter 11 © Julia Evetts 2012
Chapter 12 © Raewyn Connell 2012
Chapter 13 © Gabriele Rosenthal 2012
Chapter 14 © Larissa Titarenko 2012
Chapter 15 © Jan Marie Fritz 2012
Chapter 16 © Pirkkoliisa Ahponen 2012
Chapter 17 © Marvin Prosono 2012
Chapter 18 © Susan McDaniel 2012
Chapter 19 © Emma Porio 2012
Chapter 20 © Ann Denis 2012
First published 2012
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
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We dedicate this book to the present and future, while recalling and revering the past:[Page vi]
Devorah: To the Kalekins – perky, pluralistic, and always challenging!
Ann: To my late husband and my late mother – for their warm encouragement, incisive questions and commitment to equity and social justice, which continue to inspire me.
This volume comprises revisions of talks presented in a seminar held at the opening of the First ISA Forum for Sociology, 2008. In the spirit of the Forum, which was envisioned as an opportunity for ISA Research Committees to address contemporary social issues, the seminar undertook to examine how the discipline of sociology itself was changing.
The idea of arranging the seminar evolved from a conversation between Michel Wieviorka (then ISA President) and Devorah Kalekin-Fishman (then Vice-President for Publications) over a year earlier. In their discussion they discovered that each of them had different perceptions of the development of the Association in the 21st century; Professor Wieviorka suggested that the issues could perhaps best be clarified in a seminar at the Forum. Invitations were sent to about two dozen sociologists, known to share similar concerns. As planned, the seminar lasted only one day, but the ideas presented and the questions asked turned out to be a basis for ongoing informal discussions during the four days of the Forum. In this publication, revised seminar talks are framed by an explanatory introduction and a look to the future.
As always, turning the presentations into a book was made possible thanks to the help of many people. First of all, we want to express our gratitude to Arturo Rodriguez Morato who not only designed and organized the Forum, which made the seminar possible, but also arranged a beautiful venue, with amenities and refreshments available throughout the long and demanding day. We are grateful to all the participants whose involvement showed that the issues raised were of vital importance to the profession. Special thanks are due to the reviewers whose names are listed below. They participated retroactively by reading initial versions of the resulting articles and making comments that enabled fruitful modifications.
For grants that covered the expenses of preparing the manuscript, we are indebted to the ISA Executive Committee and to the Research Authority of the University of Haifa headed by Professor Majid Al-Haj, University Vice-President for Research. And at the publishers, Jai Seaman has been a constant source of advice and support.[Page xi]
Throughout, we were lucky to have the efficient help of Diana Ries, Ronit Mirkin and Liz Yodim, who were generous with time and attention to detail. Without Genoveba Breitstein, it simply could not have been done!andReviewers
Victor Azarya Gerhard Kuemmel Justin Rosenberg Eliezer Ben Rafael Richard Lee Victor Roudemetof Daniel Bertaux Siegwart Lindenberg Arnaud Sales Giuseppe Caforio Alberto Martinelli Kirsten Simonsen Charles Crothers Robert Miller Brian Singer Pierpaolo Donati Vessela Misheva Kenneth Thompson Margrit Eichler Dan Monti Wout Ultee Stuart Elden Valérie de Courville Will van den Hoonaard Steve Fuller Nicol Mieke Verloo Stefan Gandler Sujata Patel Frank Welz Kjeld Hogsbro Jason Powell Donald Winiecki Michaela Koettig Bill Reimer Maria Yelenevskaya
About the Contributors[Page xii]
Pirkkoliisa Ahponen, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Social Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland. Her research has dealt with everyday life issues and comparative evaluations of institutional cultural policy. The current topics concern the politics of culture and socio-cultural border crossings with the aim of decreasing alienation and advancing social and cultural equality of transnational citizens.
Raewyn Connell is University Professor, University of Sydney, a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, and one of Australia's leading social scientists. Recent books are Southern Theory (2007), Gender: In World Perspective (2009) and Confronting Equality (2011). Other books include Masculinities, Schools & Social Justice, Ruling Class Ruling Culture, Gender & Power and Making the Difference.
Ann Denis, ISA VP-Research (2002–2006), President RC05, Racism, Nationalism and Ethnic Relations of the ISA (2006–2010) is Professor Emerita, University of Ottawa, Canada. Areas of interest, centered on Canada and the Commonwealth Caribbean, include: women and engineering studies; young people's Internet use; ethnicity, work and women; intersectional analysis. Recent publications: ISA Handbook in Contemporary Sociology (ed. with Devorah Kalekin-Fishman, 2009) and Journal of Intercultural Studies, special issue on ‘Women, Intersectionality and Diasporas’ (with Sirma Bilge, 2010).
Julia Evetts is Emerita Professor of Sociology in the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Nottingham, UK. For a number of years she has been researching and writing about professions and occupations including women's and men's careers in teaching, banking, and science and engineering in industrial organizations. She has worked on projects to do with the armed forces, journalism, foster care and social work.
Jan Marie Fritz, PhD, CCS, is a professor at the University of Cincinnati (USA), a senior research fellow with the Centre for Sociological Research, [Page xiii]at the University of Johannesburg (South Africa) and the Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Human Rights and International Studies at the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DK). A former vice-president of the ISA, she is currently a member of the ISA executive committee and president of the clinical sociology division. She received the American Sociological Association's 2010 Distinguished Career Award for the Practice of Sociology.
Michael Humphrey is Professor and Chair of Sociology in the Department of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Sydney, Australia. He works as a comparative sociologist and has published widely on the themes of Islam in the West, the anthropology of globalization, political violence and terrorism, human rights, reconciliation and transitional justice.
Devorah Kalekin-Fishman, ISA VP–Publications (2006–2010) is a senior researcher at the University of Haifa, Israel. Recent publications: ISA Handbook of Contemporary Sociology (ed. with Ann Denis, Sage, 2009), Everyday Life in Asia: Social Perspectives on the Senses (ed. with Kelvin Low, Ashgate, 2010), and authored Education for Immigrants and Minorities in Israel (Springer, 2004). She is the founding editor of the International Sociology Review of Books.
Emilio Lamo de Espinosa, PhD in Law, Universidad Complutense (1972) and PhD in Sociology, University of California (Santa Barbara; 1979), is Full Professor of Sociology at the Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain and was President of the Spanish Sociological Association (2007–2010). In 1996 he received the ‘Jovellanos International Essay Award’ for his book Sociedades de cultura y sociedades de ciencia (Culture and Science Societies). His latest book is Europe After Europe (European Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2010).
Lauren Langman, Professor of Sociology, Loyola University of Chicago, USA, works in the Frankfurt School tradition. He served as President of RC 36, Alienation Theory and Research of the ISA, Chairman of the Marxist section of the American Sociological Association, and is on the editorial boards of Sociological Theory and Critical Sociology. Publications relate to alienation, identity, social movements and culture.
Susan A. McDaniel is Canada Research Chair in Global Population & Life Course, and Professor of Sociology, University of Lethbridge (Canada) with current research interests in demographic aging, generational relations, family change and social policy in international comparative perspective. She is the author of seven books and research [Page xiv]monographs, and many research articles and book chapters. She has served as editor of two journals, serves on the editorial boards of 10 journals, and is a past Vice President, Publications, of the ISA.
Emma Porio is Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the Ateneo de Manila University, the Phillipines. She has done extensive research on development issues and written several books including: Partnership with the Poor, Pathways to Decentralization, Urban Governance and Poverty Alleviation in Southeast Asia.
Marvin Prosono is a professor of Sociology at Missouri State University, USA, where he teaches a wide variety of courses including medical sociology, the sociology of law and a sociological introduction to the Holocaust. He received his undergraduate degree from Stanford University and his PhD from the University of California, San Francisco, where he was trained in the symbolic interactionist tradition.
Elisa P. Reis is Professor of Political Sociology at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Chair of the Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Inequality. Her current research interest focuses on the changing patterns of interaction between the state, market and civil society.
Gabriele Rosenthal is Professor for qualitative methods in the Center for Methods in the Social Sciences at the Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Germany. Her major research is on the intergenerational impact of collective and familial history on biographical structures and patterns of action. Current research is on migration, ethnicity, ethnopolitical conflicts and trauma.
Dennis Smith's book, Globalization: The Hidden Agenda (Polity) explores the dynamics of humiliation, resentment and revenge. Previous books relate to historical sociology, capitalist democracy, social theory, and cities. He has served as Editor of Current Sociology, head of the Social Sciences Department at Loughborough University and Vice-President of the European Sociological Association. He is Emeritus Professor at Loughborough University, UK.
Piotr Sztompka is a professor of Theoretical Sociology at the Jagiellonian University at Krakow, Poland. He was President of the International Sociological Association (2002–2006). His books include: System and Function (1974), Sociological Dilemmas (1979), Robert K. Merton: An Intellectual Profile (1986), Society in Action (1991), Sociology of Social Change (1993), Trust: a Sociological Theory (1999), Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity, co-authored (2004).[Page xv]
Larissa Titarenko, Professor of Sociology, Belarusian State University, Belarus, is a member of the ISA and the IIS, former Fellow of the WWIC (Washington), SCAS (Uppsala) and NIASS (Wassenaar). She co-authored: Internationalization of the Social Sciences: Asia-Latin America-Middle East-Africa-Eurasia (Bielefeld, 2010), Post-Soviet Capital Cities: Minsk, Vilnius, Baku (Minsk, 2009), European Values at the End of the Millennium (Brussels, 2004) and Fears in Post Communist Society (New York, 2002).
Sylvia Walby is Professor of Sociology and UNESCO Chair in Gender Research at Lancaster University, UK. She was President of Research Committee 02 ‘Economy and Society’ of the International Sociological Association, 2006–2010, and founding President of the European Sociological Association, 1995–1997. She is author of Globalization and Inequalities: Complexity and Contested Modernities (Sage, 2009). Web-site: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/sociology/profiles/Sylvia-Walby/
Michel Wieviorka, President, ISA (2006–2010), is a professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris, France) and Director of the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. He has investigated social movements, democracy, multiculturalism, as well as violence, terrorism, racism and anti-Semitism. Publications include: The Making of Terrorism (University of Chicago), The Arena of Racism (Sage), The Lure of Anti-Semitism (Brill), Violence: A New Approach (Sage) and Evil: A Sociological Perspective (Polity Press).[Page xvi]