Now in its Second Edition, The School Superintendent: Theory, Practice, and Cases provides reflective summaries, pertinent questions, and case studies at the end of each chapter to encourage the reader to engage in reflection by linking content with personal experiences. The text provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of the school district superintendent position and a blend of theory and practical knowledge pertaining to contemporary practice.
Chapter 4: School Districts as Organizations
School Districts as Organizations
Key Facets of the Chapter
- The nature of local school districts
- Differences among school districts
- Organizational context of school districts
- Organizational climate and politics in local districts
- Centralized and decentralized authority
- Directed autonomy and authority
The vast majority of superintendents in this country are employed as chief executives of local school districts. The concept of local districts is rooted in the value of liberty and is intended to provide citizens a considerable voice in controlling public education. Danzberger (1994), however, pointed out that there are two reasons why lay boards have become a fixture in public education:
Local school boards are among the most venerable of U.S. public institutions, embodying many of our most cherished political and cultural tenets. One ...