Sports economics is a well-established and dynamic area of study; a key component in the fields of sport management, sport science and sport studies, as well as in other areas of economics, finance and management. Covering amateur to professional sports, individual events and organised tournaments, this Handbook provides an authoritative contribution to the understanding of sport in the economy. The editors of The SAGE Handbook of Sports Economics have brought together a global team of respected scholars to create this benchmark collection of insights into sports economics. Each chapter includes a study of a specific context in which issues arise in sports economics, a critical presentation of its main theoretical contributions, an overview of current research findings, and an outline of enquiry for future research. PART I: The Nature and Value of the Sports System and Economy; PART II: Amateur Sports Participation, Supply and Impact; PART III: Professional Team Sports; PART IV: Professional Sports Leagues; PART V: Sports Events and their Impacts; PART VI: Individual Sports; and PART VII: Future Research.
This chapter explores sports participation research which, from an economic perspective, can be understood to represent the demand to practise sport. First, we briefly outline the context of the research and some important terminological distinctions. Then the main theoretical contributions to the literature are reviewed. The next section outlines the empirical measurement of sports participation in the literature as well as the econometric approaches that have typically been used to estimate models of participation. We then provide an overview of the main empirical results that are identified in the literature before the final section concludes and explores some areas for future research.
Context and Concepts
Figure 4.1 illustrates that out of a ...