Sports economics is a well-established and dynamic area of study; a key component in the fields of sport management, sport science and sport studies, as well as in other areas of economics, finance and management. Covering amateur to professional sports, individual events and organised tournaments, this Handbook provides an authoritative contribution to the understanding of sport in the economy. The editors of The SAGE Handbook of Sports Economics have brought together a global team of respected scholars to create this benchmark collection of insights into sports economics. Each chapter includes a study of a specific context in which issues arise in sports economics, a critical presentation of its main theoretical contributions, an overview of current research findings, and an outline of enquiry for future research. PART I: The Nature and Value of the Sports System and Economy; PART II: Amateur Sports Participation, Supply and Impact; PART III: Professional Team Sports; PART IV: Professional Sports Leagues; PART V: Sports Events and their Impacts; PART VI: Individual Sports; and PART VII: Future Research.

Rugby Union's Late Conversion to Professionalism: An Economic Perspective

Rugby Union's Late Conversion to Professionalism: An Economic Perspective

Rugby union's late conversion to professionalism: an economic perspective
Patrick Massey


Rugby Union provides an interesting and somewhat unique sports economics case study. Unlike many other major team sports, Rugby Union remained an amateur sport until 1995. Rugby split into amateur (Union) and professional (League) codes in 1895, but the amateur Union code remained the more widely played of the two.1 Rugby Union has received relatively little attention in the sports economics literature compared to Rugby League (Hogan, Massey, & Massey, 2017). This has been attributed to Union's amateur traditions (Williams, 2012) and the lack of reliable data for the amateur era (Jones, Schofield, & Giles, 2000). Rugby Union's switch to professionalism resulted in ...

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