The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda unpacks the ever-present and exciting topic of propaganda to explain how it invades the human psyche, in what ways it does so, and in what contexts. As a beguiling tool of political persuasion in times of war, peace, and uncertainty, propaganda incites people to take, often violent, action, consciously or unconsciously. This pervasive influence is particularly prevalent in world politics and international relations today. In this interdisciplinary Handbook, the editors have gathered together a group of world-class scholars from Europe, America, Asia, and the Middle East, to discuss leadership propaganda, war propaganda, propaganda for peace marketing, propaganda as a psychological tool, terror-enhanced propaganda, and the contemporary topics of internet-mediated propaganda. Unlike previous publications on the subject, this book brings to the forefront current manifestations and processes of propaganda such as Islamist, and Far Right propaganda, from interdisciplinary perspectives. In its four parts, the Handbook offers researchers and academics of propaganda studies, peace and conflict studies, media and communication studies, political science and governance marketing, as well as intelligence and law enforcement communities, a comprehensive overview of the tools and context of the development and evolution of propaganda from the twentieth century to the present: Part One: Concepts, Precepts and Techniques in Propaganda Research; Part Two: Methodological Approaches in Propaganda Research; Part Three: Tools and Techniques in Counter-Propaganda Research; Part Four: Propaganda in Context.
Chapter 5: Post-Truth and the Changing Information Environment
Post-Truth and the Changing Information Environment
Post-truth is perhaps best described as a manifestation of ‘a qualitatively new dishonesty on the part of politicians’ who, instead of being merely economical with the truth, ‘appear to make up facts to suit their narratives’ (Mair 2017: 3), leading to ‘the diminishing importance of anchoring political utterances in relation to verifiable facts’ (Hopkin and Rosamond 2017: 1–2). Hence, post-truth is qualitatively new in the sense that facts are not simply twisted or omitted to obfuscate reality but, instead, new realities are discursively created to serve a political message. Consequently, the traditional standard of truthfulness – anchoring utterances to verifiable facts – has lost its importance: the very ...