The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda unpacks the ever-present and exciting topic of propaganda to explain how it invades the human psyche, in what ways it does so, and in what contexts. As a beguiling tool of political persuasion in times of war, peace, and uncertainty, propaganda incites people to take, often violent, action, consciously or unconsciously. This pervasive influence is particularly prevalent in world politics and international relations today. In this interdisciplinary Handbook, the editors have gathered together a group of world-class scholars from Europe, America, Asia, and the Middle East, to discuss leadership propaganda, war propaganda, propaganda for peace marketing, propaganda as a psychological tool, terror-enhanced propaganda, and the contemporary topics of internet-mediated propaganda. Unlike previous publications on the subject, this book brings to the forefront current manifestations and processes of propaganda such as Islamist, and Far Right propaganda, from interdisciplinary perspectives. In its four parts, the Handbook offers researchers and academics of propaganda studies, peace and conflict studies, media and communication studies, political science and governance marketing, as well as intelligence and law enforcement communities, a comprehensive overview of the tools and context of the development and evolution of propaganda from the twentieth century to the present: Part One: Concepts, Precepts and Techniques in Propaganda Research; Part Two: Methodological Approaches in Propaganda Research; Part Three: Tools and Techniques in Counter-Propaganda Research; Part Four: Propaganda in Context.

From Disinformation to Fake News: Forwards into the Past

From Disinformation to Fake News: Forwards into the Past

From disinformation to fake news: forwards into the past
Nicholas O'Shaughnessy


The distinctive contribution of this chapter lies in promulgating an idea of disinformation as self-service. It introduces two notions not normally surfaced by the public discourse that explain the phenomenon in terms of self-manipulation rather than other-manipulation; disinformation as psychological crutch. The claim is that the purpose of disinformation is to serve the ideological and emotional needs of its perpetrators as well, such that it is not only other-deceit but self-deceit. And second, that the ‘victim’ of disinformation is by no means necessarily naive: the process could more aptly be described as a co-production, with the target being invited to join a ...

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