The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda unpacks the ever-present and exciting topic of propaganda to explain how it invades the human psyche, in what ways it does so, and in what contexts. As a beguiling tool of political persuasion in times of war, peace, and uncertainty, propaganda incites people to take, often violent, action, consciously or unconsciously. This pervasive influence is particularly prevalent in world politics and international relations today. In this interdisciplinary Handbook, the editors have gathered together a group of world-class scholars from Europe, America, Asia, and the Middle East, to discuss leadership propaganda, war propaganda, propaganda for peace marketing, propaganda as a psychological tool, terror-enhanced propaganda, and the contemporary topics of internet-mediated propaganda. Unlike previous publications on the subject, this book brings to the forefront current manifestations and processes of propaganda such as Islamist, and Far Right propaganda, from interdisciplinary perspectives. In its four parts, the Handbook offers researchers and academics of propaganda studies, peace and conflict studies, media and communication studies, political science and governance marketing, as well as intelligence and law enforcement communities, a comprehensive overview of the tools and context of the development and evolution of propaganda from the twentieth century to the present: Part One: Concepts, Precepts and Techniques in Propaganda Research; Part Two: Methodological Approaches in Propaganda Research; Part Three: Tools and Techniques in Counter-Propaganda Research; Part Four: Propaganda in Context.
Chapter 34: [Page 577]The Evolution of Terrorist Propaganda in Cyberspace
[Page 577]The Evolution of Terrorist Propaganda in Cyberspace
This chapter reviews the use of online platforms for terrorist propaganda and the proliferation of online terrorist propaganda over the years. Terrorism, from its early days, relied on the use of mass media to spread fear, to launch propaganda campaigns and to recruit sympathizers and fighters. Technological advances in communication technologies provided terrorists with the opportunity to produce media-oriented spectacles of terror. However, terrorist attempts to use the mainstream mass media were often blocked by the media's gatekeepers and regulations. Thus, the move to cyberspace was inevitable. The Internet, the most open and free channel of communication, provided terrorist propaganda with the ideal platform. The section ...