The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda unpacks the ever-present and exciting topic of propaganda to explain how it invades the human psyche, in what ways it does so, and in what contexts. As a beguiling tool of political persuasion in times of war, peace, and uncertainty, propaganda incites people to take, often violent, action, consciously or unconsciously. This pervasive influence is particularly prevalent in world politics and international relations today. In this interdisciplinary Handbook, the editors have gathered together a group of world-class scholars from Europe, America, Asia, and the Middle East, to discuss leadership propaganda, war propaganda, propaganda for peace marketing, propaganda as a psychological tool, terror-enhanced propaganda, and the contemporary topics of internet-mediated propaganda. Unlike previous publications on the subject, this book brings to the forefront current manifestations and processes of propaganda such as Islamist, and Far Right propaganda, from interdisciplinary perspectives. In its four parts, the Handbook offers researchers and academics of propaganda studies, peace and conflict studies, media and communication studies, political science and governance marketing, as well as intelligence and law enforcement communities, a comprehensive overview of the tools and context of the development and evolution of propaganda from the twentieth century to the present: Part One: Concepts, Precepts and Techniques in Propaganda Research; Part Two: Methodological Approaches in Propaganda Research; Part Three: Tools and Techniques in Counter-Propaganda Research; Part Four: Propaganda in Context.

Visual Propaganda and Social Media

Visual Propaganda and Social Media

Visual propaganda and social media
Hyunjin Seo


While visual imagery has been an important component of propaganda messaging for a long time, the increased availability of digital communication technologies has influenced how propaganda messages are constructed and disseminated in recent years (Jowett & O'Donnell, 2015; Rose, 2012; Seo, 2014; Seo & Ebrahim, 2016). In this chapter, I use the term propaganda to refer to an ensemble of messages aimed at promoting a certain political or social agenda and thus influencing the target audience's point of view (Cull et al., 2003; Jowett & O'Donnell, 2015). An increasing number of political actors use popular social media channels such as Facebook and Twitter to share visual content as a part ...

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