The new edition of this SAGE Handbook builds on the success of the first by providing a fully updated and expanded overview of the field of human resource management. Bringing together contributions from leading international scholars - and with brand new chapters on key emerging topics such as firm ownership, talent management, engagement and big data - the Handbook focuses on familiarising the reader with the fundamentals of applied human resource management, while contextualizing practice within wider theoretical considerations. Internationally minded chapters combine a critical overview with discussion of key debates and research, as well as comprehensively dealing with important emerging interests. The second edition of this Handbook remains an indispensable resource for advanced students and researchers in the field. PART 01: Context of Human Resource Management; PART 02: Fundamentals of Human Resource Management; and PART 03: Contemporary Issues.

Human Resource Management: A Historical Perspective
Human resource management: a historical perspective
Howard Gospel
Introduction

In this chapter, the management of human resources is broadly defined to cover three broad interconnected areas: work relations, employment relations and industrial relations. Work relations are taken to cover the way work is organized and the deployment of workers around technologies and production systems. In other words, it refers to what has been known as the division of labour. Employment relations deal with the arrangements governing such aspects of employment as recruitment, training, job tenure, and reward systems. Industrial relations are taken to cover the voice aspirations of workers and institutional arrangements which may arise to address them, such as discussion groups, joint consultation, works councils, ...

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