The new edition of this SAGE Handbook builds on the success of the first by providing a fully updated and expanded overview of the field of human resource management. Bringing together contributions from leading international scholars - and with brand new chapters on key emerging topics such as firm ownership, talent management, engagement and big data - the Handbook focuses on familiarising the reader with the fundamentals of applied human resource management, while contextualizing practice within wider theoretical considerations. Internationally minded chapters combine a critical overview with discussion of key debates and research, as well as comprehensively dealing with important emerging interests. The second edition of this Handbook remains an indispensable resource for advanced students and researchers in the field. PART 01: Context of Human Resource Management; PART 02: Fundamentals of Human Resource Management; and PART 03: Contemporary Issues.

Downsizing
Downsizing
Stewart Johnstone
Introduction

This chapter examines one of the most controversial aspects of work and employment in recent decades: the notion of ‘downsizing'. Though an expression commonly used by practitioners, policy-makers and researchers, downsizing has always been an elastic term used to refer to several related but distinct phenomena. For some it is used as a general term to refer to a programme of organisational restructuring, in other words the downsizing of an organisation. Other commentators focus more upon the downsizing of employment involving ‘the planned elimination of positions or jobs’ (Cascio, 1993: 95). While the two issues are clearly related given that organisational restructuring and downsizing might mean a reduction in the number of jobs or positions available, it ...

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