• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A must-have reference resource for qualitative management researchers, this dictionary contains over 90 entries covering the fundamentals of qualitative methodologies; covering both analysis and implementation. Each entry gives an introduction to the topic, lists the key relevant features, gives a worked example, a concise summary and a selection of further reading suggestions. It is suitable for researchers and academics who need a handy and quick point of reference.

Measurement Invariance in Multigroup Research
Measurement invariance in multigroup research
Introduction and Key Features
Forms of Invariance

Variation in the validity and reliability of research instruments across contexts is a threat to cross-national/cultural comparability. Measurement invariance should be addressed at the three-level search of configural, metric and scalar invariance in multigroup management research (country or culture comparisons are particular cases of multigroup comparisons in management research). Variables are considered as latent, unobservable constructs measured on the basis of measurement indicators (items), thus taking into account measurement error. Confirmatory factor analysis is used, based on a structural equations modelling approach (see Byrne, 2001). Independent and dependent variables are related within a path analysis model. Measurement equivalence can be established for complete research instruments across several national/cultural groups by using nested ...

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