A must-have reference resource for qualitative management researchers, this dictionary contains over 90 entries covering the fundamentals of qualitative methodologies; covering both analysis and implementation. Each entry gives an introduction to the topic, lists the key relevant features, gives a worked example, a concise summary and a selection of further reading suggestions. It is suitable for researchers and academics who need a handy and quick point of reference.
An experimental design is a widely used research strategy used to assess the causal impact of at least one variable (an intervention) on at least one outcome (dependent variable). The design is most suited to research where there is a clear outcome variable and a clearly hypothesized causal variable. In social science research, experimental designs are frequently used in evaluation studies where the impact of an intervention is to be assessed (Orr, 1999). For example, an experimental design might be used to evaluate the impact of a productivity-based bonus scheme on the level of work satisfaction of group members, an idea that might be pictured as shown in Figure 21.
The classic experimental design, which has one treatment or intervention variable and one outcome ...