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Chapter 29: DS/AHP
Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) is the process by which a decision maker undertakes judgements over a number of criteria to elucidate the preferences of a set of alternatives. DS/AHP was introduced in Beynon et al. (2000) and Beynon (2002), and is a nascent method of multi-criteria decision support. Initially inspired by the hierarchical decision structure representation adopted in the well-known Analytic Hierarchy Process, its comparisons of identified groups of alternatives to the whole set of alternatives considered reflects a more direct approach for the preferencing of decision alternatives (DAs) over a number of different criteria.
The rudiments of DS/AHP are based on the general methodology of the Dempster-Shafer theory (Dempster, 1968; Shafer, 1976): as such, the decision making is embedded with the realization of the presence ...