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Chapter 23: Data Set Structure
The analysis, description and graphing of data requires not only the appropriate coding of the data (see entries Measurement Scales and data coding) but also the arrangement of the data into specific structures. Structuring a data set correctly is not a trivial skill and can cause problems, particularly for those who are not used to dealing with data sets or statistical analysis software. One source of confusion is that data can be represented in a number of different ways and is often presented in tables using a structure that does not lend itself easily to analytical work.
In this entry I outline some methods of structuring data based on analytical needs and make a distinction between data tables, where the aim ...