• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A must-have reference resource for qualitative management researchers, this dictionary contains over 90 entries covering the fundamentals of qualitative methodologies; covering both analysis and implementation. Each entry gives an introduction to the topic, lists the key relevant features, gives a worked example, a concise summary and a selection of further reading suggestions. It is suitable for researchers and academics who need a handy and quick point of reference.

Cross-Sectional Designs
Cross-sectional designs

The cross-sectional study is the most frequently used descriptive design in research. Cross-sectional designs involve the collection of information from any given sample of population elements only once. They may be either single cross-sectional or multiple cross-sectional.

Key Features

In single cross-sectional designs, only one sample of respondents is drawn from the target population, and information is obtained from this sample only once. These designs are also called sample survey research designs. In multiple cross-sectional designs, there are two or more samples of respondents, and information from each sample is obtained only once. Often, information from different samples is obtained at different times.


The following examples illustrate single and multiple cross-sectional designs, respectively.

Design Coupons from Cross-Sections

A cross-sectional study based on a single survey was conducted to ...

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