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Chapter 12: Coding Conventions for Representing Information
Methods of coding information and representing it in the form of data are rarely discussed outside of software manuals and introductory courses in statistical analysis. This is a shame, as the methods used for coding are very important for analysis and sharing data between different software packages (e.g. spreadsheet, statistical and graphical packages). The purpose of this entry is to provide a method for coding that accurately represents information in an explicit way, allowing this information to be shared between software packages and researchers.
A major aim is to code data in a systematic way without the use of ‘hidden’ codes or special characters (these are often used to identify missing values, label or order the data and ...