This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Global and Local

Global and Local

Global and local

This Chapter

  • Demonstrates the importance of considering the contemporary city in the context of debates about globalization
  • Identifies the importance of particular ‘world cities’ as focal points for global trade and business
  • Suggests that globalization's impacts are felt at all levels of the urban hierarchy, with ‘local’ and ‘global’ forces evident in both ‘world’ and ‘ordinary’ cities


The interface between globalization and urbanization is currently a major research topic in urban studies, in much the same way as globalization is now a central analytic position in the social science literature. External factors have long affected cities, yet there is a general consensus that the geographical scale of causes, processes and outcomes of urban changes has become more transnational, if not global, ...

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