This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Modernity and Utopia

Modernity and Utopia

Modernity and utopia
John R.Gold

This Chapter

  • Suggests that the search for the ideal city has been long-standing, generating contrasting ideas of what the modern city ought to be
  • Provides in-depth consideration of two attempts to improve the city, namely the Garden City and the Modern Movement
  • Argues that the failure of utopian visions cannot be apportioned solely to the naiviety of planners and architects, but needs to be placed in the context of wider social, economic and political forces


The quarter century after the Second World War saw unprecedented changes in the cities throughout many parts of the world. Largely regardless of prevailing Cold War ideological differences, authorities responsible for cities unleashed waves of change designed to redevelop urban structure and form. The results ...

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