This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Faith and Devotion

Faith and Devotion

Faith and devotion

This Chapter

  • Provides an overview of the ways the city works as a site of religion and religiosity
  • Shows that the design of cities has been informed by particular ideas about divine order
  • Demonstrates how cities take on religious significance through particular rituals and performances
  • Suggests that in multicultural socities, the city can often become a site of conflict where different faiths struggle to chisel out spaces of religious belonging


Geographers, sociologists and anthropologists have long shared an interest in the relationships between religion and the city (see Kong, 1990, 2001). Some have taken a social or demographic view, looking at where particular faith groups live, especially in cases where contemporary cities are ‘divided’ by religion and faith, as in modern-day ...

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