This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Crime and Policing

Crime and Policing

Crime and policing

This Chapter

  • Offers different perspectives on why the city has been characterized by higher rates of criminality than the rural, and reviews literatures which focus on sites of urban criminality
  • Shows how the state and law seek to reduce and contain criminality through forms of spatial control that are becoming ever-more embedded in the fabric of everyday life
  • Highlights the contribution of urban scholarship to critical debates in criminology


In 1751, Henry Fielding, a novelist and an early advocate of metropolitan policing, wrote the following about his home town, London:

Whoever indeed considers the cities of London, and Westminster, with the late vast Addition of their Suburbs; the great irregularity of their Buildings, the immense Number of Lanes, Alleys, Courts and Bye-places; ...

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