This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Migration and Settlement

Migration and Settlement

Migration and settlement

This Chapter

  • Outlines the importance of cities as foci for immigration and emigration, with a particular focus on the ‘gateway’ cities through which a high proportion of the world's migrants and refugees pass
  • Details some of the ways in which migration transforms the economic, social and political life of cities
  • Notes the high proportion of migrants working in city economics in the least skilled, lowly paid and precarious jobs, and highlights an important gendering of urban migration


The impact of migrant flows on cities is a long-standing concern in urban research. Much of this work has focused on the flow of internal migrants to cities throughout the world; a process that has been underway for decades, with over half the world's ...

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