This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.



TimHall, PhilHubbard and John RennieShort

We are in the midst of the Third Urban Revolution. The first began over 6,000 years ago and saw the first cities in Mesopotamia. These new cities were less the result of an agricultural surplus and more the reflections of concentrated social power that organized sophisticated irrigation schemes and vast building projects. The First Urban Revolution, independently experienced in Africa, Asia and the Americas, ushered wrenching social changes, new ways of doing things and new ways of experiencing, seeing and representing the world. The Second Urban Revolution began in the eighteenth century with the linkage between urbanization and industrialization that inaugurated the creation of the industrial city and unleashed unparalleled rates of urban growth. From 1800 to 2000 urban growth ...

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