This reference is a comprehensive study guide to the city. The text explains and evaluates the key ideas, informed by the latest research, adding the necessary historical context to situate the student in the literature and the essential debates. Organized in four sections The SAGE Companion to the City provides a systematic A-Z to understanding the city that explains the interrelations between society, culture, and economy.

Economies and Inequalities

Economies and Inequalities
Economies and inequalities

The relationship between cities and economies is at the heart of urban studies. The economic development of cities is tied to theories of urban change and development while the functioning of economies is associated with urban inequalities and social identities. All sorts of urban phenomenon can be seen through the lens of the economy, past and present.

In this section we encourage a range of contributions to consider this city-economy nexus. Kevin Ward outlines a Marxist approach. He outlines the basic Marxist premises of historical materialism. His story in Chapter 6 begins in the city of Manchester, one of the ‘shock’ cities of the nineteenth century and the setting for Friedrich Engels' formulations about the inhumanity of cities in which capital ...

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