• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The topics of bullying and hazing have sparked interest and discussion in recent years. Hazing is a crime in the United States, and Western nations have made efforts to stamp out bullying in schools, the workplace, and institutions. However, for the most part, bullying and hazing are ill-defined and lack theoretical perspective. Mestrovic brings classical as well as contemporary social theory to bear on this discussion. Thorstein Veblen defined the predatory barbarian as the social type, enshrined by modernity, who prefers to use force over peacable means to achieve ends. On the other extreme, Marcel Mauss wrote about the spirit of the gift and its obligations – to give, to receive, and to reciprocate – as the fundamental basis of social life. Yet, he argued ...

Conclusions: Where Do We Go From Here?
Conclusions: Where Do We Go From Here?

I began this study with George Orwell’s question, “What is the special quality in modern life that makes a major human motive out of the impulse to bully others?” My reply is that modern society has accelerated some major disruptive, dysfunctional, and anomic tendencies that were evident to the founders of sociology in the 1890s. Screen image or electronic age culture described by Riesman and McLuhan took a turn toward electronic solitary confinement they did not foresee. Media and social media have replaced parents and adult authority figures in the socialization process. The peer group has become so important that the role models on television programs and films automatically portray individuals under the control of peers. But the peer group is ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles