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Chapter 5: Multicultural Dilemmas in Sweden and the Netherlands
This chapter examines the impact of international migration on highly organised welfare states. It also asks why the Netherlands and Sweden developed ‘multicultural’ responses to immigration and why both moved towards approaches that emphasise socio-economic integration and adaptation by immigrant newcomers. While both are multi-ethnic societies they no longer pursue multicultural policies. It is also shown that ‘multiculturalism’ and ‘integration’ Dutch- and Swedish-style are related to the background conditions of corporatist decision-making and the welfare state (Sweden) and ‘pillarisation’ (Netherlands).
The chapter initially ...