Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: • Immigration policy in individual EU nations • The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies • The development and effects of the Shengen agreement • The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
Chapter 9: In the Shadow of the ‘Fortress’? Migration Dynamics in Central and Eastern Europe
Central and East European countries could be seen as ‘policy takers’, accepting the requirements of EU migration and asylum law and policy as a condition for membership. The refugee crisis in 2015 showed that they had also become policy ‘shapers’ and ‘makers’ as they responded to and, to some extent, tried to resist, the large flows of people across their borders (many moving towards Germany of course). The Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia all opposed the mandatory EU scheme for the relocation of asylum applicants from Greece, Hungary and Italy, but were outvoted in the EU’s Council and ...