Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: • Immigration policy in individual EU nations • The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies • The development and effects of the Shengen agreement • The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
Chapter 4: Germany: A Country of Immigration After All
By the end of 2015, around 15 million of Germany’s total population of 80 million had an immigration background either as immigrants themselves or with at least one parent who was an immigrant. By the end of the same year, around 1 million asylum seekers and refugees had entered Germany. Due to its leadership role in the EU and relatively welcoming approach to refugee and asylum migration, Germany found itself both literally and metaphorically at the heart of Europe, but by autumn 2015 was backing away from its open approach to refugees given both the large numbers plus evidence of a political backlash.
Germany was, for many years, resistant to the idea ...