Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: • Immigration policy in individual EU nations • The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies • The development and effects of the Shengen agreement • The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
Chapter 2: Britain: The Unexpected Europeanisation of Immigration
If we judge British immigration politics by the buzzwords used to characterise them then the country has moved from ‘zero immigration’ in the 1970s and 1980s to ‘managed migration’ under New Labour from 1997–2010, then to ‘good immigration, not mass immigration’ with the creation of a ‘hostile environment’ for ‘unwanted immigrants’ under the Conservative–Liberal Democrat Coalition government 2010–15 and Conservative government after 2015. The context for this has been steep growth in immigration to the UK with net migration (the balance between immigration and emigration) estimated at 330,000 in 2015, the highest level since 2005. These numbers include EU citizens using free movement rights, non-EU migrants moving in particular into higher skilled employment, ...