This volume is an exploration of the various forms of bonds and attachments by which individuals in the Himalayan regions of India and Nepal are bound to their groups. To grasp these phenomena adequately, the book proposes a new analytical approach through the concept of belonging.
The book is based on several case studies carried out by anthropologists, historians, and geographers who help bring together rich ethnographical data from different regions of the Himalayas. Organized in three parts, it describes the interactions between local forms of belonging and new forms of classification imposed through national integration or modes of politics.
The book analyzes different societal formations in various historical periods and captures the ongoing change in them. Fundamentally, this collaborative publication is an attempt to go beyond (and beneath) identity constructions and to call into question the idea of permanence implied by the term.
Chapter 12: Belonging, Protected Areas, and Participatory Management: The Case of Kaziranga National Park (Assam) and of the Misings' Shifting Territory
Belonging, Protected Areas, and Participatory Management: The Case of Kaziranga National Park (Assam) and of the Misings' Shifting Territory
Since the 1970s, numerous protected areas, such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, biosphere reserves, conservation areas, and the like, have been set up in the Himalayas.1 With their own borders, some of which are controlled by the army, and their own legislation, drawn up either in conjunction with international organizations or by them alone, they constitute real enclaves within states, new administrative territories, new strata of spatial identity that overlap or clash with earlier territorial divisions (state, district, village community…) (Smadja, 2005a,b). These spaces, however, are struggling to ...