- Subject index
This essential book provides a comprehensive explanation of the key topics and debates arising in the philosophy of psychology. In editors William O'Donohue and Richard Kitchener's thoughtful examination, philosophy and psychology converge on several themes of great importance such as the foundations of knowledge, the nature of science, rationality, behaviorism, cognitive science, folk psychology, neuropsychology, psychoanalysis, professionalism, and research ethics. The Philosophy of Psychology also provides an in-depth discussion of ethics in counseling and psychiatry while exploring the diverse topics listed above. The internationally renowned group of contributors to this volume both stimulating and informative. The Philosophy of Psychology will be invaluable for students and academics in theories and systems in psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, philosophy of the social sciences, philosophy of the mind, ...
Chapter 13: Troubles with Computationalism
Troubles with Computationalism
Computationalism is the dominant contemporary approach to cognitive phenomena: phenomena of perception, cognition, reasoning, language—any mental phenomena that involve representation. Computationalism permeates the intertwined fields of cognitive science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence. It grew out of cybernetics and computer studies during the 1950s and ‘60s.
Computers were originally thought of as very fast and powerful calculators. It came to be realized, however, that there is nothing in the functioning of a computer that restricted its domain to calculations and other manipulations of numbers. The electrical patterns that corresponded to numbers in computers could just as easily be taken to represent characters—or tables, chairs, propositions, perceptual features, grammatical structures, and so on. During the 1960s, this move to a conception of ...