This essential book provides a comprehensive explanation of the key topics and debates arising in the philosophy of psychology. In editors William O'Donohue and Richard Kitchener's thoughtful examination, philosophy and psychology converge on several themes of great importance such as the foundations of knowledge, the nature of science, rationality, behaviorism, cognitive science, folk psychology, neuropsychology, psychoanalysis, professionalism, and research ethics. The Philosophy of Psychology also provides an in-depth discussion of ethics in counseling and psychiatry while exploring the diverse topics listed above. The internationally renowned group of contributors to this volume both stimulating and informative. The Philosophy of Psychology will be invaluable for students and academics in theories and systems in psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, philosophy of the social sciences, philosophy of the mind, and related courses.

Computational Theories of Cognition*

Computational Theories of Cognition*

Computational theories of cognition

In the late 1950s, the hypothesis was advanced that human thinking is information processing, alias symbol manipulation. Like most new ideas, this one had many harbingers, especially those collected under the general rubric of cybernetics. Allen Newell and I gave some account of these precursors in the historical addendum to our Human Problem Solving (1972). What was new, beginning about 1956, was the translation of these ideas into symbolic (nonnumerical) computer programs that simulated human mental activity at the symbolic level. The traces of these programs could be compared in some detail with data that tracked the actual paths of human thought (especially verbal protocols) in a variety of intellectual tasks, and the programs’ veracity as theories of ...

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