- Subject index
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
Chapter 7: Learning Theories of Crime: Promises and Potential
Learning Theories of Crime: Promises and Potential
A Brief History of Learning Theories of Crime
In 1939, Edwin Sutherland advanced criminological theory by presenting an explicit statement of differential association theory in the third edition of his Principles of Criminology textbook. Dissatisfied with the fragmented multiple factor explanations that were common in American criminology at the time, Sutherland developed the principles of differential association with the goal of providing a general theory that promised to explain all known patterns of crime (Sutherland, 1973). The basic premise was attractively simple; he posited that criminal behavior, like all human behavior, is learned via communication and interaction within social groups. Differential association theory ...