- Subject index
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
Chapter 6: The Role of Intelligence and Temperament in Interpreting the SES-Crime Relationship
The Role of Intelligence and Temperament in Interpreting the SES-Crime Relationship
Socioeconomic Status and Crime
Twenty years ago, Theodore Kemper (1994) noted the importance of socioeconomic status (SES) for understanding social behavior: “Perhaps the fundamental social structure of society is the system of stratification. It so bluntly determines individual conduct, belief, and value preferences, on the one hand, and sheer biological fate on the other … it is the social structure par excellence worthy of close attention” (pp. 47–48). But he also notes that: “if sociology and biology have not been on speaking terms in general, sociological distain for the biological reaches its apogee when it comes to ...