- Subject index
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
Chapter 26: Policy Implications of Biosocial Criminology: Crime Prevention and Offender Rehabilitation
Policy Implications of Biosocial Criminology: Crime Prevention and Offender Rehabilitation
A long-standing concern that many sociological criminologists have had with biological or biosocial theories has centered on the policy implications of this perspective. This is understandable given the history of criminology, which emerged from relatively undeveloped (and biased) biological understandings of behavior.
[Page 432]The misunderstanding of the role biology plays with respect to crime and other maladaptive behaviors, along with a strong dose of racism, led to policy implications that are considered unethical and morally repugnant by today's standards. In the late 19th and early 20th century, biological crime prevention emphasized the use of eugenics. For example, physician Charles V. ...