• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.

A Sociological Explanation of Crime Rates and Trends
A sociological explanation of crime rates and trends
Wesley G.JenningsUniversity of South Florida
Jennifer M.ReingleThe University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas Regional Campus

Tracking crime over time is a complex process, because “crime” constitutes hundreds of heterogeneous behaviors that change in their definition and prevalence across persons, time, and space. What is a “crime”? Is using marijuana a crime? Clearly, the measurement of crime differs by jurisdiction, type of behavior, and social acceptability. For example, in the mid-2000s, a person who was apprehended in possession of a marijuana joint would be sent to jail. Today, that same person might present a medical marijuana card and be released without much question.

Marijuana use is a clear example to illustrate the ...

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