- Subject index
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
Chapter 1: Sociological Explanations of the Gender Gap in Offending
Sociological Explanations of the Gender Gap in Offending
Gender differences in the perpetration of illegal acts, with males much more likely to offend compared to females, are widely recognized in criminology. What is less clear is why this gender gap in offending exists. Biological, physiological, psychological, structural, and social factors have all been used to explain gender differences in offending. Although more investigation is needed to fully understand why males commit more crime than do females, this chapter contends that biological factors cannot adequately account for the gender gap in offending and that social factors influence males and females to engage in crime at different rates. After documenting ...