The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. The text aims to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
Chapter 10: Low Self-Control Is a Brain-Based Disorder
Low Self-Control Is a Brain-Based Disorder
The underlying biological basis of constraint is believed to be located in attentional networks in the brain.
The heightened risk-taking and impulsivity observed in adolescence has been partly attributed to the slow development of the brain regions necessary for cognitive control, subsuming response selection, top-down control and inhibitory processes, and including prefrontal cortex (PFC).
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of self-control for leading a happy, healthy, and productive life. Self-control, which is the basic capacity to regulate one's thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in the face of external demands, is a necessary and essential ingredient to function in society. Although it is a continuously distributed ...