Written by a leading sociologist of Scotland, this ground-breaking new introduction is a comprehensive account of the social, political, economic and cultural processes at work in contemporary Scottish society. At a time of major uncertainty and transformation The New Sociology of Scotland explores every aspect of Scottish life. Placed firmly in the context of globalisation, the text: • examines a broad range of topics including race and ethnicity, social inequality, national identity, health, class, education, sport, media and culture, among many others. • looks at the ramifications of recent political events such as British General Election of 2015, the Scottish parliament election of May 2016, and the Brexit referendum of June 2016. • uses learning features such as further reading and discussion questions to stimulate students to engage critically with issues raised. Written in a lucid and accessible style, The New Sociology of Scotland is an indispensable guide for students of sociology and politics.
Chapter 4: Scotland’s People1
In this chapter we will explore Scotland’s population and demography, and in the next pay particular attention to patterns of morbidity (disease) and mortality (death). Our focus in this chapter is mainly on the last hundred years, but it is important to situate changes in the context of Scotland’s history as one of the first societies in the world to industrialise and urbanise.
- To show how Scotland’s population has grown in the long term, although relatively slowly compared with other societies.
- To examine the shape of Scotland’s population structure, in terms of age and gender, over the last century.
- To chart how the key components of population, that is fertility (births), mortality (deaths) and migration (both outgoing and incoming), have shaped Scotland in ...