In this provocative and broad-ranging work, the authors argue that the ways in which knowledge - scientific, social and cultural - is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying features of the new mode of knowledge production - reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity - the authors show how these features connect with the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology is accorded central concern, the
Chapter 7: Towards Managing Socially Distributed Knowledge
Towards Managing Socially Distributed Knowledge
In the final chapter we aim to address issues likely to be of particular interest to policy makers. In accordance with Mode 2 and its distributed character, the framing, definition and means for solving even what appear to be common issues, are also bound to be highly locally contingent. What may appear as the most pressing problem in one country, firm or university, might already have been solved in another instance. Means and resources as well as what counts as ‘solution’ will also differ. Solutions that appear to be similar may enjoy high legitimation and consensus in one place, but not in another. Therefore we refrain from providing specific answers even to questions which need to ...