In this provocative and broad-ranging work, the authors argue that the ways in which knowledge - scientific, social and cultural - is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying features of the new mode of knowledge production - reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity - the authors show how these features connect with the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology is accorded central concern, the

Massification of Research and Education

Massification of research and education


All industrialised countries have experienced a rapid growth in the development of mass higher education following the Second World War. In this chapter we explore some of the most salient characteristics that the participation in formal secondary and higher education has taken and some of the consequences for the higher education systems. Other changes can be seen in the character and aspirations of the student body, in the curriculum, in modes of governance, in relations between students and teachers, in forms of finance and in the relations of the universities with other institutions in society. Moreover, the expansion of mass higher education has begun to affect many other institutions of society helping to lay the groundwork ...

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