This volume examines the unfolding relationships among the five great powers in Asia—the United States, China, India, Japan and Russia. It explores recent bilateral relations between these states. While the central theme is how China, the rising power, and the US, the sole superpower, will deal with each other, their policies and interactions will need to factor in the other three powers who will play significant roles in defining peace and stability in Asia.
Chapter 3: China's Military Modernization and its Implications for Asian Security
China's Military Modernization and its Implications for Asian Security
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is modernizing its forces and emphasizing preparations to fight and win short-duration, high-intensity conflicts along China's periphery. PLA modernization has accelerated since the mid-to-late 1990s in response to central leadership demands to develop military options. PLA preparations, including an expanding force of ballistic missiles (long-range and short-range), cruise missiles, submarines, advanced aircraft, and other modern systems, come against the background of a policy toward Taiwan that espouses ‘peaceful reunification’. Over the long term, if current trends persist, PLA capabilities could pose a credible threat to other modern militaries operating in the region. The PLA is working toward these goals by acquiring new ...