- Subject index
This book analyzes a range of social contexts in which human decisions shape technology in the market economy. It comprises a critical review of both a select research literature and in-depth historical studies. Material is drawn from many social science disciplines to inform the reader of the reality of taking decisions on innovation.
Chapter 2: Invention, Science, R&D and Concepts of Use and Market
Invention, Science, R&D and Concepts of Use and Market
The examples in this chapter have primarily been chosen for the light they shed on the relationship between technology development and use. Through the examples of the laser and penicillin this chapter examines one type of inventive step, the type that generates great technology development potential. It continues with a discussion of how the creative inventive step necessarily involved in innovation relates to the established uses that make up existing markets. The second half revisits two classic accounts of radical technology development through the research and development department, again with emphasis on the role that concepts of prospective use play in technology development. In short, the chapter introduces ...