This book overviews and reconsiders media organizations - the news agencies - which report and film the news for the press and broadcast media. Incorporating institutional, historical, political economic and cultural studies perspectives, the book: reviews agency provision of general news, video news and financial news; analyzes agency-state relations through periods of dramatic social upheaval; and critically examines the impact of deregulation and globalization on the news agency business. Contributors consider how leading players like Reuters and Associated Press help to define the nature of both the Global and the Local as well as focusing on the network of relations between international and national agencies. The book
Chapter 8: From Communism to Capitalism
From Communism to Capitalism
According to Slavko Splichal, before the 1980s media policy throughout eastern Europe was rather simple. State responsibility for print and broadcast media was legitimized in terms of the political, educational and cultural importance of the media to society and especially to the state (Splichal, 1994: 27). Karol Jakubowicz writes that eastern Europe is now the setting for a scene of the process which took place in most other European countries a long time ago, namely the disentanglement of the media from the structures of state and political identities (Jakubowicz, 1995a: 75). Both authors consider the demonopolization of the press and reregulation of broadcasting key issues in the process of media's democratization.
The disentanglement of the media from state structures ...