This book overviews and reconsiders media organizations - the news agencies - which report and film the news for the press and broadcast media. Incorporating institutional, historical, political economic and cultural studies perspectives, the book: reviews agency provision of general news, video news and financial news; analyzes agency-state relations through periods of dramatic social upheaval; and critically examines the impact of deregulation and globalization on the news agency business. Contributors consider how leading players like Reuters and Associated Press help to define the nature of both the Global and the Local as well as focusing on the network of relations between international and national agencies. The book
Chapter 10: From Apartheid to Pluralism
From Apartheid to Pluralism
Periods of major political transition since the late 1980s have occasioned a considerable loosening up in news agency markets in many parts of the world. This reflects a trend towards pluralistic political regimes, and the introduction by those regimes of neo-liberal economic policies designed to reduce the stake of the state in the economy, and to open up markets, both domestically and internationally. In some cases these tendencies have undermined the role of older state-controlled or monopolistic national news agencies, creating new spaces for oppositional or alternative news agencies, and fresh opportunities for international agencies. The importance of this account of developments in South Africa in the period 1986–1997 lies not ...