This book overviews and reconsiders media organizations - the news agencies - which report and film the news for the press and broadcast media. Incorporating institutional, historical, political economic and cultural studies perspectives, the book: reviews agency provision of general news, video news and financial news; analyzes agency-state relations through periods of dramatic social upheaval; and critically examines the impact of deregulation and globalization on the news agency business. Contributors consider how leading players like Reuters and Associated Press help to define the nature of both the Global and the Local as well as focusing on the network of relations between international and national agencies. The book

Defining News: Contestation and Construction
Defining news: Contestation and construction

Introduction

OliverBoyd-Barrett and TerhiRantanen

In this part we have set out to explore in some further detail and with more specific reference to news agency content, how it is that the news agencies have contributed to the prevailing western-originated concept of ‘news’, and then to look at attempts to establish news agendas and forms of organizing the delivery of news that challenge the dominant model. The three chapters of this part each separately stake out different terrains in this broad, important and very under-researched topic.

Following the argument of Musa (1997) we should say immediately that what distinguishes ‘alternative’ from ‘mainstream’ is not necessarily anything to do with size or scope of a news agency. Some small national news ...

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