This book overviews and reconsiders media organizations - the news agencies - which report and film the news for the press and broadcast media. Incorporating institutional, historical, political economic and cultural studies perspectives, the book: reviews agency provision of general news, video news and financial news; analyzes agency-state relations through periods of dramatic social upheaval; and critically examines the impact of deregulation and globalization on the news agency business. Contributors consider how leading players like Reuters and Associated Press help to define the nature of both the Global and the Local as well as focusing on the network of relations between international and national agencies. The book

News Agencies in the Furnace of Political Transition
News agencies in the furnace of political transition

Introduction

OliverBoyd-Barrett and TerhiRantanen

The first national news agencies were founded in the wake of nationalism in Europe to serve the territories of nation states in the latter part of the 19th century. The relationship between news agencies and the state has been a persistent theme ever since throughout most parts of the world. Each of the contributions to this section illustrates facets of the state-agency relationship, with particular reference to periods of dramatic political transition. Whether it was the nationalization of the Spanish agency in 1927 and in 1938, or of the Nazi agency in Germany in 1933, to mention the most extreme examples, the issue remains the same: the state ...

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